Physical therapists are experts in movement and function of the body. Physical therapy is the medical practice that utilizes therapeutic exercise, physical modalities (as massage and electrotherapy), assistive devices, and patient education and training for the preservation, enhancement or restoration of movement and physical function impaired or threatened by disability, injury, or disease. Physical therapists teach patients the appropriate ways to move or perform particular tasks to prevent further injury and to promote health and wellness.
Each physical therapy program establishes its own set of prerequisites. Check the websites of the schools in that you are most interested in to obtain a current list of undergraduate requirements.
|Subject Area||Recommended Courses|
|General Biology||BSC 114/115 and BSC 116/117 or honors equivalent|
|Anatomy and Physiology||BSC 215 and 216 or (BSC 400, 424 and 425 if majoring in biology)|
|General Chemistry||CH 101 and CH 102 or honors equivalent|
|Statistics||PY 211, BSC 380, or CHS 425 recommended|
|Physics||PH 101 and PH 102|
|Psychology||PY 101, 352, 358|
|Highly Recommended||NHM 101 (Human Nutrition)
HD 203 (Medical Terminology)
ATR 272 (First Aid and Safety)
All prerequisite courses must be completed with a grade of “C” or higher. In addition to coursework and exam requirements, most PT programs require direct patient observation hour requirements that will be verified by the Physical Therapist you shadowed.
Some PT programs DO NOT require an undergraduate degree. Please look at program specific requirements.
Graduate Record Exam (GRE)
The Graduate Record Exam (GRE) is a standardized examination that consists of four multiple-choice sections that cover basic mathematics and reading comprehension skills. The GRE is designed to measure general academic ability. It is required by most of the American PA schools. Typically, students take the GRE about one calendar year prior to their intended date of matriculation to professional school. The GRE is a nationally standardized test, similar to the ACT and SAT. A GRE score is good for three years at most schools, so taking the test in the spring of junior year does not necessarily mean that you must enter PA school right after college graduation. Average scores are:
REVISED: 150+ on Verbal and 150+ on Quantitative; 3.5 on Analytical Writing
OLD: 500 on Verbal and 500 on Quantitative (minimum 1000); 3.5 Analytical Writing
Grade Point Average (GPA)
Minimum GPA requirements vary from program to program, but MOST programs have a minimum 3.0 GPA requirement but competitive GPA’s are closer to a 3.5. In addition, most programs require that all prerequisite courses must be passed with a “C” or better.
- Connect with a Health Professions Advisor or Faculty Member
- Start taking basic sciences (See chart above)
- Think about possible majors (Study what you love)
- Begin getting involved with volunteer opportunities (campus and community)
- Start PT experience (PTA, CNA, Shadowing)
- Look into getting involved in undergraduate research and talk to professors
- Go to your professor’s office hours.
- Join some student organizations (Pre-PT Society)
- Continue with next sequence of courses
- Stay involved in extracurricular activities (PT, volunteer, etc)
- Begin to think about becoming an officer in your organizations
- Begin research on professional schools, their requirements, and assess your competitiveness
- Investigate GRE preparation options
- BOTTOM LINE: Keep working on the things you established your first year!!
- Talk to Health Professions advisor or faculty member to narrow program options and assess competitiveness (Fall semester)
- Register for the GRE (Fall Semester)
- Study for GRE and take it (Spring/Summer)
- Identify 3-5 individuals to write letters of recommendation (Spring Semester)
- Complete Application (PTCAS) (Spring Semester-Summer)
- Schedule a mock interview with Career Services
- Keep working on the things you have established thus far
- Submit Application(s) if you haven’t already (Fall semester)
- Wait to be contacted for interview from medical schools
- Continue with activities and professional experiences/shadowing
- Talk with an advisor about Plan B if necessary
- Finish degree requirements and GRADUATE!
Baffi-Dugan, C., Cannon, R. E., Bingham, R., & Corder, B. W. (2011). Health professions admissions guide: Strategy for success. Champaign, IL: National Association of Advisors for the Health Professions.